1825 Clinton County Census

This census gives a full list of the heads of families residing in the county in 1825. The commissioner of census, William White, had in a manner anticipated the political subdivision of the county into precincts, or else retained the precinct names of the former organization. Source of this census is the 1881 History of Marion and Clinton Counties, published in 1881, pages 78 and 79, and includes some remarks of happenings to the people after the 1825 census was taken up until the history book was written. Also, see footnotes to this schedule.

 Listed Alphabetically
Head of Household Precinct Remarks Family #
ABBOTT, John Carlyle ----- 116
ADAIR, John Sugar Creek ----- 27
ADAIR, Manuel Sugar Creek ----- 26
ALLEN, Benjamin Crooked Creek ----- 172
AMMONS, Godfrey Shoal Creek Justice of the peace, and first settler in Santa Fe Bottom 50
AMMONS, John Beaver Creek ----- 104
ANDERSON, William Beaver Creek ----- 113
ANDERSON, Ignatius Beaver Creek ----- 108
ATTON, James East Fork ----- 178
BAIL, Elijah Shoal Creek Famous millwright and carpenter, and builder of the water mills on Shoal creek 61
BANKSON, Andrew Shoal Creek Colonel in the militia, representative in legislature, and as member of the committee to locate the state capital, voted against Carlyle, thus securing the location to Vandalia.  58 
BARBER, Matthew Shoal Creek ----- 65
BARNES, Calvin Okaw Has a castor oil factory on the Okaw. 140
BAY, Thomas Shoal Creek The only drunkard in the county at his day. 73
BEAD, Robert Okaw ----- 139
BEATEY, John Sugar Creek ----- 8
BENNETT, George Shoal Creek ----- 72
BERRY, John Crooked Creek ----- 152
BETTS, John Sugar Creek ----- 25
BLACKMOND, William Shoal Creek ----- 64
BRADFORD, John Crooked Creek ----- 154
BRAKE, John Sugar Creek ----- 20
BRISBON, John Shoal Creek ----- 82
BROOK, Thomas  Shoal Creek ----- 75
BROWDER, Jonathan Sugar Creek A land shark. 30
BROWN, John Gumridge ----- 98
BUCK, James Gumridge ----- 94
BURNSIDES, John Okaw ----- 132
BURNSIDES, James, Jr. Okaw ----- 134
BURNSIDES, James Okaw ----- 131
CANNADY, Archibald Shoal Creek ----- 79
CARRIGAN, James Shoal Creek ----- 57
CARRIGAN, John Crooked Creek First sheriff of Clinton county, and subsequently a member of the legislature. 150
CARTER, John Gumridge ----- 90
CARTER, John East Fork ----- 179
CHAFFIN, James Sugar Creek ----- 7
CHAFFIN, Ellis Sugar Creek Private, South Carolina militia during war of independence, pensioned March 4, 1831. 22
COCHRAN, James Crooked Creek ----- 160
COLE, Peter Crooked Creek ----- 173
COLE, Edward Crooked Creek ----- 166 
COLE, Richard Crooked Creek ----- 147
COOK, John Beaver Creek ----- 107
COX, Charles Sugar Creek ----- 18
CREEL, Berryman Shoal Creek Representative in legislature.  54 
CREEL, John Shoal Creek ----- 53 
CURTIS, Henry Shoal Creek Colored freeman, from Tennessee, bought the toll-bridge across Shoal creek, and kept tavern. 67
DANEEL, William Crooked Creek ----- 146
DARNEEL, Isaac Crooked Creek ----- 162
DIXON, George Carlyle ----- 123
DOW, David D. Crooked Creek ----- 175
DUNCAN, Robert Beaver Creek ----- 103
DUNCAN, William Sugar Creek ----- 31
DUNN, William Beaver Creek ----- 110
DUNN, Jesse Beaver Creek ----- 114 
EADS, Thomas Beaver Creek ----- 102
FAIRFIELD, Joseph Carlyle ----- 130
 FINCH, John E. Crooked Creek ----- 170
FINLEY, Samuel Okaw ----- 135
FITCH, Elizabeth Carlyle ----- 118
GAZLEY, Thomas J. Carlyle ----- 125
GIBSON, William Crooked Creek ----- 159
GILMORE, John Crooked Creek ----- 148
GREGORY, John Shoal Creek ----- 78 
GRIFFITH, Daniel Shoal Creek ----- 77
HAGSTON, Isaac Crooked Creek ----- 143
HALL, John Crooked Creek ----- 142
HARRELL, Theophilus Sugar Creek Captain of a militia company 6
HAYNON, Jesse Beaver Creek ----- 109
HILL, Burril Shoal Creek ----- 85
HOLT, Marmom Okaw ----- 136
HOOD, Thomas Carlyle ----- 124
HOOPER, Thomas Beaver Creek ----- 111
HOWARD, David G. Shoal Creek ----- 60
HOWARD, James Shoal Creek ----- 62
HUEY, Joseph Crooked Creek ----- 169
HUEY, John Crooked Creek Owner of a horse-mill on Crooked Creek. 165
JOHN, John Crooked Creek ----- 157
JOHNSON, William, Jr. Sugar Creek Justice of the peace for many years, also county commissioner. 19
JOHNSON, Hugh Sugar Creek Owned a cotton gin. 21
JOHNSON, William, Sr. Sugar Creek Methodist minister 37
JOHNSON, John Sugar Creek ----- 42
JONES, James Okaw ----- 137
KAIN, John Carlyle ----- 129
KING, John Shoal Creek Revolutionary soldier, private, South Carolina continentals, pensioned March 4, 1831. 83
LENARD, John Shoal Creek ----- 80
LEWIS, William Sugar Creek Laid out the town of Trenton. 39
LINCOLN, Elijah Shoal Creek ----- 63
LOCEY, Brizle Gumridge ----- 86 
MADDUX, James Crooked Creek ----- 171
MADDUX, Sarah Crooked Creek ----- 176
MADDUX, Wesley Crooked Creek ----- 149
MADDUX, Oliver Crooked Creek ----- 158
MADDUX, Gillis Crooked Creek ----- 144
MADDUX, Elizabeth Gumridge ----- 89
MADDUX, Alexander Gumridge ----- 93
MADDUX, Zachariah Gumridge ----- 91
MAY, Hugh Shoal Creek ----- 84
MAYHUGH, Daniel Shoal Creek ----- 76 
MCCLURE, Stephen Gumridge ----- 95
MCCRACKEN, James Sugar Creek First constable, very dignified, his prisoners were all arrested "in the name of the Commonwealth of Illinois". Owned a cotton gin. 17
MCEVER, Samuel Crooked Creek ----- 168 
MCEVER, Robert Crooked Creek ----- 155
MCKINNEY, Jeremiah East Fork ----- 182
MCKINNEY, Eli East Fork ----- 184
MCKINNEY, Joseph East Fork ----- 183
MCNEAL, Abram Okaw ----- 133
MIDDLETON, William Sugar Creek ----- 47
MILES, Bird A. East Fork ----- 180
MITCHELL, James Shoal Creek ----- 74
MITCHELL, Alexander Shoal Creek ----- 68
MOORE, Peggy Beaver Creek ----- 112
MOORE, John Gumridge ----- 99
MORGAN, John Sugar Creek Kept a stage station on the road from Carlyle to Alton, and was post-master, also treasurer of school funds for many years. 33
MORRIS, Zacharias Okaw ----- 138
MORTON, Joseph Shoal Creek In 1881, living in Mulberry Grove, Bond County, Illinois. 55 
NEELEY, Henry Shoal Creek ----- 51 
NELSON, Charles Sugar Creek ----- 46
NICHOLS, John Gumridge ----- 97
NICHOLS, Pearson Sugar Creek ----- 38
ORTEN, James Sugar Creek ----- 13
ORTEN, John M. Sugar Creek ----- 15
ORTEN, Wm. R. Sugar Creek ----- 14
OUTHOUSE, Meredith Sugar Creek ----- 24
OUTHOUSE, Peter Sugar Creek Father of James. Revolutionary soldier, private, Maryland line - pensioned August 13, 1828. 11
OUTHOUSE, Joseph Crooked Creek ----- 163
OUTHOUSE, Turner Sugar Creek ----- 43
OUTHOUSE, James Sugar Creek Member of legislature 9
OUTHOUSE, John Sugar Creek ----- 44
PADON, John Crooked Creek In 1881, resident of Madison county, Illinois. 161
PHELPS, Jacob East Fork ----- 181
PIERCE, Aaron Okaw ----- 141
PIERCE, Elijah Crooked Creek ----- 164
RAMSEY, John H. Sugar Creek ----- 35
RAMSEY, John Sugar Creek  
Came from North Carolina to Clinton county in 1818; his father James R. had settled in Madison county in 1816. 34
RAY, Abram Beaver Creek ----- 105
RECAR, James Shoal Creek ----- 66 
ROW, John Sugar Creek One of the early justices of the peace, a man of remarkable intellect, and a most successful farmer. 5
ROW, Hezekiah Sugar Creek ----- 28
ROWPER, David Crooked Creek ----- 156
RUSSELL, George Carlyle Had a stone pottery 115
SADDLER, Samuel Carlyle ----- 127
SCOTT, John Sugar Creek Kept hotel in Carlyle 36
SHARP, Jonathan Gumridge County treasurer for many years. 96
SHORT, Bennett Gumridge ----- 88
SHORT, Thomas Crooked Creek ----- 151
SILKWOOD, Solomon Sugar Creek Owned a horse grist mill. 48
SIMONS, Daniel Sugar Creek ----- 41
SLADE, Charles Carlyle An Englishman by birth, member of congress from his district in 1833, died at Vincennes in 1834, on his way home from Washington city. Slade was the only slaveholder in the county in 1825, had five slaves.  117
SLADE, Thomas Carlyle ----- 122
SMITH, Benjamin  Gumridge ----- 100
SMITH, John Shoal Creek ----- 70
STARNATOR, Polly Sugar Creek Daughter of E. CHAFFIN and an exemplary mother, bringing up a family of eight children to respectability. 29
STEGHENS, Charles Gumridge ----- 87
STITS, Samuel Sugar Creek ----- 40
STREET, William Shoal Creek ----- 59
SUBLETT, William Carlyle Owned a horse-mill, left the county and settled at Lebanon, Illinois 128
SUTTLES, Jesse Beaver Creek ----- 101
SWEARINGEN, Daniel S. Shoal Creek Possessed a saw and grist mill on Shoal Creek, driven by water power. 69 
TAMBERLYN, Thomas Carlyle ----- 126
TATMOND, Nathan Sugar Creek ----- 45
TAYLOR, John A. Crooked Creek ----- 167
TRAYLOR, John Sugar Creek ----- 10
TRAYLOR, Archibald Sugar Creek ----- 16
TURNER, Stephen Shoal Creek Ran a distillery near the county line, north. 81
USHER, Cayton Shoal Creek ----- 52
WADSWORTH, John Crooked Creek ----- 145
WADSWORTH, Thomas Crooked Creek County commissioner 174
WALKER, Achilles Sugar Creek ----- 23
WALKER, William Gumridge ----- 92
WATKINS, B. Sugar Creek Justice of the peace, county commissioner and county assessor. 32
WATKINS, Sam. Beaver Creek ----- 106
WATTS, William Shoal Creek  ----- 71
WATTS, Haden Crooked Creek ----- 153
WEBSTER, Francis Carlyle Assessor and treasurer for four successive terms. 121
WHITE, A. H. Sugar Creek Younger son of Daniel, member of the bar at Carlyle in 1881. 4
WHITE, Daniel, Jr. Sugar Creek Younger son of Daniel, member of the bar at Carlyle in 1881. 3
WHITE, Daniel Sugar Creek Father of the census commissioner. Died 35 years later in 1860. 1
WHITE, William Sugar Creek County commissioner of census. Note: Not listed on census portion, but added under Sugar Creek to make number of families come out correctly. 2
WILTON, Thomas Carlyle ----- 120
WILTON, Harry Carlyle First sheriff of Washington county, later marshal of the State of Illinois and county officer. 119
WINTERS, John Shoal Creek  Tallest man in the county, measuring seven feet. 56
WITTON, Mary Crooked Creek ----- 177
WOOD, Richard Sugar Creek ----- 12
YARBROUGH, Absalom Shoal Creek  Kept a ferry to cross the Okaw river, near mouth of Shoal Creek. 49
There were 184 families residing in the county, numbering 1,106 souls in all; 220 of whom were white adults, voters. The colored population consisted of 19 free negroes and five slaves, owned by Charles Slade of Carlyle.

The principal if not the only, pursuit of the population, was agriculture. These 184 families owned about 20,000 acres of land, averaging fully 100 acres per family.

A similar report was made in 1830 by Commissioner Benjamin Bond. The population had increased over one hundred per cent. In those five years, it numbered now 2,375, among whom were 394 voters, and 391 men subject to military duty (militia men). The colored population had quadrupled (95), all free, however. The manufactories had increased by a carding machine and a "hattershop" at Carlyle. Commissioner James J. Justice reports in 1835 a population of 2,648, 84 of whom were free colored people. The increase in population, scarcely 12 per cent, was small in comparison with that of the previous five years. The last-mentioned report contains a few German names, the first ones met in this county.

Submitted by: Dorothy Falk

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